Inside A Crypto Ponzi: How The $6.5M Banana.Fund Fraud Unravelled

U.S. prosecutors are searching for to return $6.5 million in saydly scammed bitcoin to victims of the “Banana.Fund” crowdfunding venture, which the federal government delineate in court docket document as a Ponzi scheme.

In a forfeiture bathing suit towards the cryptocurrency account storing the funds, prosecutors say Banana.Fund’s anon. administrator admitted to traders his venture had flopped, secure to return $1.7 million to them after which failing to take action. The operator then pivoted to a laundering and refund scheme that in the end resulted inside the U.S. Secret Service’s (USSS) seizure of 482 bitcoin (BTC) and 1,721,868 lead (USDT).

The lawsuit, filed July 29 inside the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia, seeks to grant the federal regime formal possession of the property so it power return them to the victims.

The bathing suit didn’t establish the operator of Banana.fund. But a number of victims of the sayd rip-off, and paperwork reviewed by CoinDesk, present the outfit was run by a British nationwide named Richard Matthew John O’Neill aka “Jo Cook.”

One of the victims, Mike Koenen, instructed CoinDesk that since no to a little degree May 2019 he has been pushing the united states to research Banana.Fund and O’Neill.

Documents reviewed by CoinDesk present that by November 2019, brokers with the united states San Francisco discipline work have been email-canvassing apparently victims for info on Richard O’Neill. Law enforcement had frozen O’Neill’s Poloniex account over a 12 months earlier than.

Neither O’Neill nor the Department of Justice responded to requests for remark.

The forfeiture bathing suit represents perchance probably the most substantial growth but in a little-known scheme that ran by way of the peak of bitcoin’s historic late-2019 value pump and apparently went belly-up inside months of the market’s pop, the paperwork reveal.

Peeling once again the fraud

Banana.Fund’s white book describes a crowdfunded enterprise growth firm that shepherds fledgling startups by way of their earliest levels whereas providing operational transparency to their seed traders.

O’Neill instructed CoinTelegraph in January 2019 that Banana.Fund would “use blockchain for what it is good for: implementing transparent and permanent global transactions.” In his view, he was “creating a level acting field for all users to pursue their business ideas, free charge.”

Investing in O’Neill’s personal enterprise thought was not freed from cost, nevertheless.

The buy-in began at 0.02 BTC, mentioned Telegram consumer Dutch_Giant, who detected about Banana.Fund on the now-defunct content board MoneyMakersforum.

“The big deposit you made, the big part of the business you got,” Dutch_Giant mentioned. He put in 0.024 bitcoin – “about $60 at the time.”

Other traders went even greater on O’Neill’s crowdfunding darling, inner paperwork present. One consumer endowed 82 bitcoin and 9 others contributed 10 bitcoin or extra. In all, 417 traders declare to have misplaced a mixed 481 bitcoin, value well-nigh $5.5 million as we speak, to Banana.Fund.

Those figures come from a spreadsheet of “verified refund claims” that O’Neill started compilation on Jan. 2, 2019, when he emailed Banana.Fund traders that they may very well be refunded well-nigh thrice the bill worth of their unique funding – yet not their worth in bitcoin.

“Banana.Fund is a failing project,” O’Neill mentioned in a venture announcement whose matter content was shared with CoinDesk and documented inside the prison grievance. He claimed that whereas Banana.Fund had already spent round a 3rd of traders’ $600,000 pie on overhead, he had ridden the unexpended bitcoin by way recently 2019’s high and will now refund them triple their unique funding in USDT, a stablecoin that often trades 1-for-1 with the bill.

“We’ve failing up!” he mentioned. He claimed to have $1,730,000 in USDT for refunds. “Pure dumb luck.”

His traders would have been far luckier had they by no means secured their bitcoin up in Banana.Fund, the DOJ factors out. Banana.Fund’s founder, referred to inside the bathing suit only as “Person 1,” only “stated that ascribable the increased value of bitcoin, investors would receive more than their first investment in U.S. dollars, although, realistically, they would all still lose money because of the increased value of bitcoin.”

A measured threat

Prosecutors say that “Person 1” had an account stability of $11 million and will afterward simply pay once again even Banana.Fund’s superior traders. They additive say that “Person 1” spent the weeks main as a good deal like his USDT conversion “buying and marketing quaternary coins for personal gain” and tried one withdrawal to purchase a home.

O’Neill “literally gambled with our BTC on Poloniex and he had few good trades,” mentioned one other sufferer of the sayd rip-off, Kris Zelisko, who endowed 1.01 bitcoin in Banana.Fund. “Also, BTC went up in the meantime.”

Prosecutors additively say “Person 1” engaged in a year-long bitcoin laundering scheme that spanned over 40,000 trades and 7 entirely different cryptos, and in a two-week fling generated $540,000 in revenue from the Banana.Fund pot.

“Person 1” by no means paid the overwhelming majority of traders once again, the prosecutors sayd.

Dutch_Giant mentioned that many Banana.Fund customers have been nicely conscious of the dangers concerned with “Jo Cook” enterprises. “Cook,” he mentioned, had a observe file of working crowdfunded-oriented website scams that nevertheless paid some traders out.

“It was a reasonably measured bet,” he mentioned.


The chief in blockchain information, CoinDesk is a media outlet that strives for the very best print media requirements and abides by a strict set of editorial insurance policies. CoinDesk is an unbiased working subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, which invests in cryptocurrencies and blockchain startups.

Inside A Crypto Ponzi: How The $6.5M Banana.Fund Fraud Unravelled

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