Cambodia Plots Dollar-Free Future With Blockchain-Based Payments: White Paper

The National Bank of Cambodia disclosed the technical particulars of its approaching blockchain-based cash in hand system dubbed ‘Project Bakong’ this week.

The central business institution, which has been constructing Project Bakong since 2019, views its quasi-digital forex venture as a high-tech vamp of the Khmer Riel, Cambodia’s official forex notwithstandin hardly its actual money alternative, as locals have favored the U.S. government note for many years, in keeping with the white book disclosed Thursday.

The central business institution mentioned Bakong will assist problem the government note’s reign by inducement Cambodians to pay as a substitute through QR codes and a cellular app, with a Hyperledger Iroha blockchain facilitating real-time fund transfers between e-wallets blocked into their business institution accounts.

That permissioned blockchain will work between Bakong accounts and conventional accounts, report proceedings on a thin ledger, attain consensus through the block ballot hash-based “Yet Another Consensus” algorithm, and course of proceedings in 5 seconds or much less, in keeping with the white book.

“Transaction throughput is between 1,000 and 2,000 proceedings per second,” relying on tech specs, the central business institution mentioned inside the white book. “This suggests that there is potential for this project to scale.”

The business institution mentioned its system’s peer-to-peer nature removes the inefficiencies of centralized clearing home fashions with out costing customers something to transact.

“Since Sir Joseph Banks and individual users are now brought into one DLT platform both Sir Joseph Banks and users no longer face interconnectivity and interoperability problems,” the central business institution mentioned.

Cambodian officers have been hesitant to label the fiat-backed Project Bakong a central business institution digital forex (CBDC) preceding to now, as a substitute career it a blockchain cash in hand system. Users should load Riel into their Bakong accounts earlier than they’ll transact with others. That’s entirely different from a natively digital CBDC.

Even so, the white book frames Bakong con to the proliferation of CBDC initiatives in highly-developed international locations around the globe. But whereas the paper mentioned such nations power flip to CBDC to handle their inhabitants’s falling money use charges, in growing international locations – a class during which Cambodia power stay for many years – it mentioned that CBDC can promote medium of exchange inclusion, enhance inefficient cost programs and even cut back poorness by opening entry.

The demographically-young and increasingly tech-savvy inhabitants of Cambodia will possible increase Bakong adoption, in keeping with the business institution. Cambodians are increasingly porting their medium of exchange lives onto their telephones: e-wallet accounts inside the nation climbed 64% in 2019 to a report 5.22 million, in keeping with the paper.

Mass adoption power also grant the central business institution a better sheepskin of direction over Cambodia’s business coverage by breakage the government note’s decade-long native maintain. Bank officers are already transferring to oust the U.S. government note: Last month, the central business institution introduced plans to part out $1, $2 and $5 banknotes by the tip of August.

It continues to be unclear exactly when Project Bakong will entirely launch. The white book mentioned “early 2020,” regardless of being disclosed halfway via the 12 months.


The chief in blockchain information, CoinDesk is a media outlet that strives for the very best print media requirements and abides by a strict set of editorial insurance policies. CoinDesk is an unbiased working subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, which invests in cryptocurrencies and blockchain startups.

Cambodia Plots Dollar-Free Future With Blockchain-Based Payments: White Paper

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